Cytokinins are a group of plant hormones that play a key role in regulating a wide range of physiological processes, including cell division, differentiation, and senescence. They are synthesized in various plant organs, such as roots, leaves, and seeds, and are transported throughout the plant via the xylem and phloem.
In plants, cytokinins act in concert with other hormones, such as auxins, gibberellins, and abscisic acid, to maintain proper growth and development. They are involved in numerous developmental processes, including the formation of shoot and root meristems, lateral bud growth, and the regulation of stomatal opening and closure.
In horticulture and turf management, cytokinins are used as a growth regulator to improve plant development and overall health. By increasing the rate of cell division in the meristem, cytokinins can result in faster and more uniform plant growth, leading to stronger and more robust plants. This effect can be especially beneficial in turf management, where a dense and uniform turfgrass stand is desirable.
Cytokinins can also promote lateral bud growth, leading to denser foliage and a fuller appearance in both turf and ornamental plants. This effect is particularly useful in horticulture, where aesthetics are an important consideration.
Moreover, cytokinins can delay the process of leaf senescence, which is the natural aging and death of leaves. By extending the lifespan of leaves, cytokinins can help to improve the longevity and visual appeal of plants, making them more attractive to consumers.
In addition to their direct effects on plant growth and development, cytokinins can also influence the response of plants to environmental stressors, such as drought, high salinity, and extreme temperatures. By enhancing the plant's ability to cope with these stressors, cytokinins can improve overall plant health and survival.
Cytokinins can be applied to plants in various forms, including foliar sprays, root drenches, and fertigation. The optimal method of application depends on the specific plant and growth conditions, as well as the desired outcome.
Overall, the use of cytokinins in horticulture and turf management can provide numerous benefits, including improved plant growth and development, increased foliage density, and enhanced visual appeal. By promoting optimal plant health and survival, cytokinins can contribute to the overall success of turf and horticultural management.
OMEX Cytokelp from Growforge Company is a liquid seaweed extract that contains naturally occurring cytokinins and beneficial plant hormones. It's an effective and sustainable option for promoting plant growth and development, enhancing nutrient uptake, and increasing stress tolerance. OMEX Cytokelp can be applied as a foliar spray or soil drench and is compatible with a wide range of other fertilizers and pesticides.